Friday, October 26, 2012

Controversial 1914 Birmingham, AL. F.A.M. Race - Episode #7

By: David L. Morrill
@ Deadly Dave's Blog

Updated - March 3, 2015

American Iron Magazine - 2013
A special thank you to Buzz Kanter, and the staff of American Iron Magazine, for including this article in their American Glory Special Edition celebrating Harley-Davidson's 110th anniversary.

This story started with a trip to my local Harley-Davidson dealer a few months back. Harley is now selling early racing photographs from their achieves, and the local dealer had several framed board track photos for sale. I picked up a photo of Otto Walker taken after his win at Venice, California in April 1915.

Harley-Davidson Motor Company Archive

The small plaque on the photo claimed this was Harley-Davidson's first Championship win. That was a little surprising, as I had heard of at least one earlier Championship Race win.  I figured it was time to share a small and almost forgotten piece of Harley-Davidson's history.

1914 Harley-Davidson 11-K Racer (left)
Stripped Stock Model (right)

1914 was a pivotal year for Harley-Davidson. Although long opposed to Championship racing, the factory changed course.  They hired engineer William "Bill" Ottaway to develop their production v twin engine for racing. The result was the Harley- Davidson 11-K racer.

Harley-Davidson 11-K Racer
Leslie "Red" Parkhurst was the first rider hired by the Harley Davidson factory in 1914 to ride the new racer. By July, the racer was ready for it's first big test, the Dodge City 300  Road Race in Dodge City, Kansas. Parkhurst was one of six team members sent by the factory to compete in the Dodge City 300 that year. The new racers were fast, but only two of six were running at the end of the race.

Leslie "Red " Parkhurst
Daniel Statnekov Collection
On October 5, 1914, Red Parkhurst lined up for the Federation of American Motorcyclists (FAM) One Hour Championship Race held at the Alabama State Fairgrounds Raceway in Birmingham, Alabama.  Parkhurst was riding one of Bill Ottaway's factory prepared 11-K racers. Parkhurst was assisted in his pit by the new  Birmingham Harley-Davidson dealer William F. Specht Jr., along with Johnny Aiken.

1914 Harley- Davidsons - Specht's Harley- Davidson Birmingahm, AL.
O. V. Hunt Collection

Specht, who was also a racer, had relocated to Birmingham from Atlantic City, New Jersey. In early 1914, he opened a Harley-Davidson dealership in Cliff Howell's bicycle shop in downtown Birmingham. The arrival of the first wagon load of 1914 Harley-Davidsons in Birmingham was documented by local photographer and motorcycle enthusiast O.V. Hunt.

In the Birmingham race, Parkhurst's chief competition was Excelsior factory rider Joe Wolters. The Birmingham Indian dealer Bob Stubbs, sponsored two local racers, Gail Joyce and Gene Walker. Joyce was the more experienced of the two, having won several Southern Series races outside Birmingham. Walker had made a name for himself in the amateur ranks at the Birmingham track, but this would be his first professional race.

Alabama State Fairgrounds Raceway
O.V. Hunt 1914 - Birmingham Public Library Archives

As the race started, Gene Walker jumped into the the lead setting a new track record. Parkhurst was running second, followed by Wolters.  On the third lap, Parkhurst passed Walker for the lead. Walker was later passed by Wolters. Parkhurst built a considerable lead over Walker, Wolters, and Gail.  On lap 33, a fuel problem forced Parkhurst to into the pits.

Red Parkhurst
Daniel Statnekov Collection

In the Harley-Davidson pit, Specht and Aiken refueled Pankhurst's axillary fuel tank. Parkhurst attempted to clean his oil and dirt covered goggles with a handkerchief  he kept tied to his handlebars. The handkerchief was also covered with oil and dirt, so Parkhurst asked a spectator for a clean handkerchief. The spectator enthusiastically provided a handkerchief, and assisted Parkhurst with cleaning his goggles. Parkhurst rejoined the race, and when the flag was thrown to end the race, he was leading Joe Wolters by half a lap. Indian rider Gene Walker took the lead at the beginning of the race, setting a new track record, and finished 3rd. Shortly after the race, Walker's Indian teammate, Gail Joyce, filled an official protest, claiming the spectator in the pits had improperly aided Parkhurst.

The results of the race were not settled until the following week at the Chicago Motorcycle Show. On Tuesday of the show, Joe Wolters approached FAM Chairman John L. Donovan claiming he was due another lap at Birmingham. He claimed he had finished a half a lap ahead of Parkhurst.

The October 27, 1914 issue of Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review quoted Chairman Donovan's finding on the two Birmingham race protests. In disallowing Joyce's protest, Chairman Donovan stated:

"Safety requires that competitors in races shall be permitted to see what they are doing. It certainly would be ridiculous to disqualify Parkhurst because he permitted someone to assist him in wiping the oil and dirt off his goggles. Parkhurst clearly is entitled to the victory."

Concerning Joe Wolters' late protest, Chairman Donovan stated:

"Of course, the rules require that protests shall be made within a half hour  after the close of the race. The rules would not permit official consideration of additional points not included in the original protest. But courtesy required that I should wire for information and I did so. It is perfectly clear that Parkhurst won the F. A. M. hour championship fairly and squarely."

With the protests settled, Parkhurst was awarded the trophy and his winnings on the second day of the Chicago show.  Shortly after the decision was announced, a large sign proclaiming Parkhurst's victory on a "stripped stock Harley-Davidson against ported and eight valve machines," appeared behind the 11-K Harley-Davidson on display at the show. Parkhurst's win went on be the center piece of Harley-Davidson's advertising for the upcoming 1915 model.

Was the 1914 Birmingham Championship Race win the first for a  Harley-Davidson factory rider on a factory prepared bike? I'll leave that one to the experts. The one/two finish of factory riders Otto Walker and Red Parkhurst in the 1915 Venice race was a more prestigious win against stiffer competition. But, Parkhurst's Birmingham win may have paid a much more import role in Harley-Davidson history, and opened the door for the Venice win months later.

Harley Davidson founders William Harley and William Davidson attended the July 1914 Dodge City 300 Road Race.  They made it clear in post-race comments; their intention was to provide factory prepared machines to select dealer supported riders. It appears; they had no intention of a full factory supported racing team. The publicity surrounding Parkhurst's Birmingham win may have changed their minds. In November 1914 they sent a factory supported race team to compete in the Savannah 300 Road Race in Savannah, Georgia.

This was the beginning of the famed Harley-Davidson Racing Team, which came to be known as "The Wrecking Crew." Parkhurst's 1914 Birmingham win may have opened the door for creation of a fully factory supported racing team. The Harley-Davidson Factory Racing Team continues to compete today, and is one of the longest running and most successful racing teams in the country.


Leslie "Red" Parkhurst continued to ride for Harley-Davidson through 1921 His most prestigious win came at the 1919 Marion, Indiana 200 mMile Road race. Parkhurst retried from professional racing in 1921, but continued to race occasional events through 1924.

Reading, PA. Times - November 6, 1919

There was another participant, who benefited greatly from his finish  in the 1914 Birmingham race. Gene Walker, the young local rider who finished fifth that day,  was hired by the Indian factory in Springfield, Massachusetts. Walker went on to become one of the greatest riders of his time. In 1920, Motorcycling and Bicycling Magazine proclaimed Gene Walker "Champion of Champions."

Don Emde Collection

Motorcycle racing historian and 1972 Daytona 200 winner Don Emde provided this Gene Walker race poster from his collection. For more information on Gene Walker's career, please check out my article:

Gene Walker, Birmingham's Lost Racing Champion:


Birmingham, Alabama Public Library Archives

Chris Price@Georgia Motorcycle History

Don Emde Collection

Motorcycling and Bicycling

Daniel Statnekov Collection - Pioneers of American Motorcycle Racing:

Johnny Whitsett Collection

Reading, PA. Times

Parkhurst Family Webpage:

Sunday, October 7, 2012

Bob Stubbs, Birmingham's First Racing Champion - Episode #6

By: David L. Morrill
@ Deadly Dave's Blog

Updated - February 16, 2017

O.V. Hunt (left) & Bob Stubbs (right)
O. V. Hunt 1914 - Birmingham, AL. Public Library Archives
I came across Robert "Bob" Stubbs story, while I was researching my article on early Birmingham, Alabama racer Gene Walker. As I found out more of his story, I realized Stubbs played a major part in the early Birmingham motorcycling history. Through his friendship with Birmingham photographer and motorcycle enthusiast O.V. Hunt some of that early motorcycling history in Birmingham, Alabama was photographed and preserved. It's time Stubbs' many contributions are shared.

Early Family History

Robert Thomas Stubbs
Bruce Crawford Collection
Robert Thomas Stubbs was born in the town of Dayton, Alabama, which is located in Marengo County in west central Alabama.  His parents, Thomas J. Stubbs and Elizabeth Gilbert-Stubbs, had 10 children. Robert was the oldest. By 1900, the family had moved to the East Lake area of Birmingham.

Bob Stubbs Bicycle - Motorcycle Racer

Like many young men, who became early motorcycle racing champions, Bob Stubbs started out as a professional bicycle racer. Bicycle racing was very popular in the late 1800s, and athletic young men across the country took to the bicycle racing velodromes to seek fame and fortune. An October 1898 Atlanta Constitution article on the Birmingham Cycle Club's first professional bicycle race lists Bob Stubbs of Eastlake as one of the race winners.

Atlanta Constitution - October 11, 1898

Beginning in 1907, motorcycle races were held on the 1 mile dirt oval at the Alabama State Fairgrounds Raceway in Birmingham. Stubbs began competing in these early races on an Indian "Motocycle." Several races of varying lengths were held each day of competition, and as he sharpened his racing skill, he often won all the races held each day.

In June, 1907, Bob Stubbs was elected President of the newly formed Birmingham Motorcycle Club. President Stubbs issued a statement to the press stating that all members were signing a pledge they would not engage in "road scorching, ungentlemanly behavior, walk by frightened horses or mules, and strictly adhere to speed regulations." The club held hill climb competitions in the Birmingham. They also sanctioned the races at the Alabama State Fairgrounds track.

On July 4, 1907, The Birmingham Motorcycle Club, held it's first series of races at the Alabama State Fairgrounds track. Robert Stubbs won four races of the races that day. Stubbs returned to the track on Labor Day  winning three races.

Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review - July 13, 1907

Page 279 of the 1908 edition of Cycle & Automobile Journal featured a short article on Robert Stubbs, winning a 104 mile Alabama endurance race on a new 1908 Indian in 5 hours and 22 minutes.  The date of the race is not listed.

In October 1908, Stubbs won 11 races over 5 days of racing at the Alabama State Fairgrounds Raceway and claimed the "Southern Championship."

In October he won 13 races at the Birmingham track. In December, Stubbs went back to the Fairgrounds Raceway, this time for a 100 lap record attempt. He set a "New Worlds Record" by turning the 100 laps of the 1 mile dirt oval 107 minutes 44 seconds. This record brought Stubbs national recognition, as it was covered by major newspapers across the country.

1908 Indian Racer

For the March, 1909 Daytona Beach Speed Trials in Ormond Beach, Florida , Stubbs was hired by the Indian Motocycle Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, as a factory rider.  He was teamed with Brooklyn, New York rider Walter Goerke. They both rode the new 1909 Indians.

The Daytona, FL. Daily News - March 23, 1909

Robert Stubbs - Indian - Ormond Beach, FL.
Indian Motorcycles Club of France - Detroit Public Library Collection

Goerke set new records for 1 kilometer and 1 mile distances. The next day, Stubbs broke Goerke's 1 mile record of 45 seconds by 2 seconds. The new motorcycle speed records received worldwide press coverage.

The Times London, England - March 27, 1909
New York Times - March 26, 1909

Bob Stubbs (2nd from right) Daytona Beach 1909
Indian Motorcycles Club France
David Greenlees - The Old
Indian Motocycle Club of France

Stubbs also logged wins at Dallas, Texas, along with Birmingham and Montgomery, Alabama. In May Stubs got another mention in the New York Times story about the races held on May 4th at Montgomery, Alabama.

Indian Motocycle Club of France
In August Robert Stubbs traveled to Indianapolis, Indiana to compete at the newly opened Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Stubbs was one of 31 professional racers from around the country that competed in the event. Trouble with the racing surface, caused several serious accidents, and Stubbs was lucky to return to Birmingham un-scathed. Stubbs Birmingham wins were included in and Indian Motocycle ad, which appeared in newspapers around the country in October 1909.

1909 Indian Motocycle Company Ad 
Chicago, IL. Daily Tribune - October 17, 1909

Stubbs traveled to Waco, Texas, and dominated the professional class races. He also traveled to Indianapolis, Indiana, and participated in the ill-fated first races held at the newly completed Indianapolis Motor Speedway.

            Russell Waltour & Robert  Stubbs - Waco, TX.

Hill climb racing was gaining popularity throughout the country, and Stubbs became an accomplished hill climber. Stubbs won both the 30.5ci and 61ci motorcycle classes at the Lookout Mountain Hill Climb Race held on April 23 in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The results were reported in the New York Times.

New York times - April 23, 1909

Competing on the state fair circuit Stubbs won all the motorcycle events held at Montgomery, Alabama, Waco and Dallas, Texas.  Stubbs finished the year with a second place finish in the 10 Mile Race for professional riders at the newly opened 2 mile Atlanta Speedway in Georgia.

Motorcycle Illustrated - November 15, 1909

Charlotte, NC. Evening Chronicle - November 11, 1909

Bob Stubbs finished the 1909 season with wins at Dallas, Texas.

Indian Motorcycle Company District Agent

Despite his busy racing schedule, Stubbs still managed to work as the Indian Motorcycles Distinct Representative throughout north and central Alabama. When Stubbs wasn't racing, he traveled the northern parts of Alabama by motorcycle contacting potential dealers and selling Indian motorcycles throughout his district.

In April 1910, Motorcycling and Bicycling Magazine reported Stubbs set a new record riding his Indian motorcycle from Birmingham, Alabama to Atlanta, Georgia in 7 hours and 5 minutes. That time broke existing Birmingham to Atlanta records for both cars and motorcycles. On May 24th, the Birmingham News sponsored a hill climb race on a mile and 2 tenths long course up Shades Mountain in Birmingham. Stubbs won both motorcycle classes and his time of 1 minute 51 seconds was 17 seconds faster than the fastest automobile time up the mountain.  In October Stubbs won 5 of 7 races at Birmingham, both races at the Montgomery Fairground, and finished the year with a win in Dallas, Texas.

Stubbs started the 1911 season with second places finishes in the Mardi Gras Speed Carnival at the New Orleans Fairgrounds.

Robert Stubbs - New Orleans 1911
Chris Price@Georgia Motorcycle History

Stubbs crashed in Sunday's race and was struck by his bike after another rider collided with it. The accident was described in a March 1911 article in The Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review.

Atlanta Constitution - February 27, 1911

On July 4th, 1911, Bob Stubbs returned to his hometown of Birmingham, and beat local champ Gail Joyce in the 25 Mile Open Professional Race held in Birmingham.

Chris Price@Archive Motor - Motorcycle Illustrated - July 13, 1911
The 1911 Southern Tour Race Series returned to Birmingham in October with great controversy. National stars from around the country, including Excelsior riders Charles Balke and Jake DeRosier, came to Birmingham to take on local star Bob Stubbs for two consecutive weekends of racing during the Alabama State Fair.  Much had been made in the local press about the match up between Stubbs and his former Indian team mates Balke and DeRosier. The first weekend, Stubbs held his own securing two second place finishes and one third in the days races. DeRosier complained about the track officiating, insulting the meet referee, and stating Birmingham was "an Indian Town!" That night things spilled over at a local hotel.

The incident was reported in the October 14, 1911 issue of Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review. Stubbs' wife Barbara Stubbs, was alleged to have made "insulting statements" to DeRosier, as DeRosier pushed his Excelsior off the track with a dead motor. That night, DeRosier confronted Stubbs, over Barbara Stubbs' comments, at a local hotel. A scuffle ensued between Stubbs and DeRosier. DeRosier came out the worse for it, with a cut above one eye. DeRosier alleged five of Stubbs' friends jumped in scuffle, and one of them hit DeRosier with "a slap jack or brass knuckles."  DeRosier reported it to the police, and a later issue of the magazine stated "Stubbs paid a 10 dollar fine in court the next morning."

Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review - October 14, 1911

With the previous weekends drama, the stands at the Fairgrounds Raceway were packed with fans not wanting to miss another possible confrontation. Stubbs finished 2nd in his first race of the day, which took place without incident. In the next race of the day, Stubbs had a front tire fail, and crashed heavily. Stubbs badly injured one of his eyes,  and it was initially feared Stubbs would lose the eye. The eye injury was later determined to be less serious less serious than first thought, but Stubbs was forced to quit competition while he recovered.

When asked later if he would continue racing the magazine reported Stubbs stated" not if Mrs. Stubbs has anything to do with it." It appears Stubbs took his wife's advice, and quit solo racing. He did however, win the sidecar class at the Alabama State Fair in 1913.

Local Indian riders Gail Joyce and Richard Gayle were backed by Stubbs to represent Indian at the next round in Selma, Alabama. Joyce dominated win most of the professional class races with Gayle finishing second.

Motorcycle Illustrated - November 16, 1911
Bob Stubbs finished the 1911 racing series by being chosen one of  17 Speed Kings of 1911 by The Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review.

Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review - December 1911
KMP Motos Parts Collection

Birmingham Indian Dealer

Stubbs Indian Motocycles Ad
Birmingham Ledger - October 10, 1915 

When Bob Stubbs opened his Indian dealership at 1805 4th Avenue North in downtown Birmingham, Alabama is unknown. In May 1910 photos of the shop appeared in Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review Magazine.

Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review - May 14, 1910
In 1913, Stubbs attended an annual meeting of Indian Motocycle Company District Agents in Springfield, Massachusetts.   With the release of Indian's new 15 horsepower model in 1915, Stubbs staged a famous publicity stunt. A dapperly dressed Stubbs rode the new Indian model, which pulled a wagon load passengers through downtown Birmingham. The event was photographed by Mr. Hunt and covered in the local press.

O.V. Hunt 1915 - Johnny Whitsett Collection

In early 1914, William F. Specht Jr., a racer from New Jersey relocated to Birmingham. Specht began selling Harley-Davidson motorcycles from a bicycle shop owned by Clifton Howell. Specht's shop was located just a block away from Stubbs' shop, at 1714 3rd Avenue North. They were rivals for domination of the Birmingham motorcycle market for the next few years.

Gene Walker's Mentor

In 1912, Birmingham native Gene Walker entered and won his first motorcycle race at the Alabama State Fairgrounds Raceway. Walker, who delivered mail on his motorcycle for the Post Office, was soon dominating the local races. Stubbs recognized Walker's talent, and in 1913 he hired Walker. At the time, Stubbs was one of the largest Indian dealers in the country, and was very involved in racing.

Stubbs Indian 1805 4th Avenue North Birmingham, AL. 
Gene Walker (right)
Furman Family Collection
Stubbs put Walker on a new Indian 8 valve racer and Walker began to dominate the Birmingham amateur races. Professional riders from around the country came to Birmingham for the fall race series.  Walker was able, with Stubbs assistance, to hone his racing skills competing against some of the best racers in the country.

In July 1914, Bob Stubbs entered a team of riders in an Endurance Run sponsored by the Birmingham Ledger Newspaper. At the end of the three day 860 mile event, his riders Gail Joyce and Gene Walker, finished first and second respectively.

Gail Joyce
O.V. Hunt 1914 - Johnny Whitsett Collection
Stubbs was also one of only six of the thirty one race entrants, to complete the full race distance without mechanical issues. All six finishers were riding Indians, and this was featured in an Indian Motorcycle Company promotional ad touting the reliability of their motorcycles.

Robert Stubbs - Gadsden, AL. ca 1914
Robert Scarboro Collection
Gadsden Alabama Public Library Archives

Stubbs also entered a team of riders in the 1915 Birmingham Ledger Cup Race. Stubbs Team won the overall Team Championship.

Birmingham Ledger Endurance Run Competitors
O.V. Hunt 1914 - Johnny Whitsett Collection
Stubbs encouraged Walker to enter his first professional race in October 1914. Early in the race,  Walker jumped to the lead  setting a new track lap record. Walker ran with the lead pack throughout the race, which was won by new Harley-Davidson racing team member Red Parkhurst. Walker finished third. Stubbs status as a factory rider and dealer opened doors for Walker with the Indian factory. In 1915, Walker was hired by the Indian Factory and spent most of his 10 year racing career as an Indian factory rider. He would win 19 Championship races, set numerous speed records.

Gene Walker - Indian Daytona Beach Record Run - 1920
Don Emde Collection
Even with Gene Walker's departure to Indian in Springfield, Massachusetts, Stubbs other two team riders, Gail Joyce, and Richard Gayle, dominated the Fairgrounds races in October of 1915.

Stubbs Indian Ad - Birmingham Ledger October 1915
As World War 1 approached, much of Indian and Harley-Davidson's motorcycle production went to the military. This put motorcycle dealers throughout the country in a serious bind, as they had few new motorcycles to sell. They were forced to try and survive by selling used bikes, as well as repairs and parts sales. Many shops closed their doors during the war, and never reopened. This may to be the case with Stubbs' Indian shop.

Stubbs took a job with Hobie Motor Car Company in Montgomery, Alabama in 1918. Hobie also sold Harley-Davidson and Cleveland motorcycles, and Their advertising mentions Bob Stubbs was in charge of the the motorcycle shop.

Stubbs' racing injuries had forced him retire from the rough and tumble world of  the Fairgrounds dirt track racing. He left that to his young protegees like Walker. He did however, continue to compete in sidecar long distance races on a sidecar equipped Harley-Davidson.

Stubbs final mention in the national motorcycling press, came in 1919. The Harley-Davidson Motorcycle Company printed a full page ad in in the September 10, 1919 edition of Motorcycling and Bicycling Magazine. The ad, which featured a photograph of the 4 Harley riders, who each obtained perfect scores in the Montgomery, Alabama endurance run. Competing on a cross country course described as "a veritable river of mud, with sand, and chuck-holes by way of variation," 

Bob Stubbs rode his sidecar equipped 1919 Harley-Davidson to a perfect score. His younger sister Lucy rode he whole event as a passenger in his sidecar.  During this time, Lucy had taken a position as school teacher in a coal mining town in the mountains east of Birmingham. At the end of the school year, Lucy was walking down the dirt road to the train station in her small town. She intended to take a train back to Birmingham for the summer. She was surprised by her oldest brother Bob, the champion motorcycle racer, on his Harley-Davidson motorcycle and sidecar. He had ridden from Birmingham to give her a ride back home. The event was captured in this family photo shared by Bruce Crawford.

Robert and Lucy Stubbs - 1919
Bruce Crawford Collection
In January 1920, Earl Morrison became the distributor for Indian Motocycles in Birmingham.  Morrison had worked for Robert Stubbs at his Birmingham Indian dealership, prior to leaving for the service during World War 1. 

Motorcycle Illustrated - January 1920

 Robert Stubbs passed away at his Montgomery, Alabama home surrounded by friends and family. He was just 43 years old and was buried at the East Lake Cemetery in Birmingham. His pallbearers were mostly local motorcycle racers and dealers including Gail Joyce.

Motorcycle Illustrated - June 1, 1922

Two years later, Birmingham was again shocked to learn Gene Walker, the young racer Bob Stubbs had mentored years before, had died from injuries received in a practice crash in East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

The photograph below was taken, in front of the Birmingham Ledger Newspaper office at 2027 1st Avenue North in Downtown Birmingham during the 1914 Birmingham Ledger Endurance Run, and features some of the thirty one competitors, and race officials. The tall fellow standing on the back row on the right side is Bob Stubbs. The shorter fellow, just in front of Stubbs, is Gene Walker. Birmingham photographer O. V. Hunt is seated in the front row holding the newspaper. During their racing careers, Bob Stubbs and Gene Walker, were two of the most famous sports figures in Alabama. They each played a key part in early Birmingham history, and brought the city of Birmingham to national attention.

Birmingham Ledger Endurance Run Competitors
Johnny Whitsett Collection - O.V. Hunt 1914


Recently, reader Dave Hoover, contacted me after reading this story on Robert Stubbs. He stated he had purchased this trophy about twenty-five years ago. It came from an estate sale in Omaha, Nebraska.

David Hoover Collection

The etching on the trophy states: 

10 Mile Handicap
Indian Cup 
Presented by 
Hendee MFG. CO.
Springfield, Mass
Won By
Robt. Stubs 
Time 9M - 8S

The Hendee Manufacturing Company in Springfield, Massachusetts produced Indian Motocycles. The location of the event this trophy was awarded for is unknown. It probably dates from between 1909 to 1911. If anyone has any information on this event, please contact me.

Sidecar Race Trophy - 1913 Alabama State Fair
Sandra Stubbs Collection


Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review

Birmingham Ledger

Birmingham News

Birmingham, Alabama Public Library Archives - O.V. Hunt Collection

Bruce Crawford Collection

Chicago Daily Tribune

Chris Price@ArchiveMoto

David Hoover Collection

Don Emde Collection

Furman Family Collection

Gadsden Alabama Public Library Archives - Robert (Bobby) Scarboro Collection

Indian Motorcycles Club of France

Johnny Whitsett Collection

KMP Motos Parts Collection

Motorcycle Illustrated

New York Times

Robert (Bobby) Scarboro Collection - Gadsden, AL. Public Library Archives

The Old

The Times London, England